Tea has existed as a beverage seeing that 2000 B.C. The brewing, serving, and drinking of tea are time-honored rituals all through the world. Despite the fact that there is certainly general agreement that the tea trade started in China, each China and India lay claim to discovering the dietary properties of tea leaves. The Chinese inform the story of a mythical emperor named Shen Nung who was so certain about his nutrition that he boiled his drinking water just just before he drank it. One certain day, the story goes, the wind caught lots of the leaves on the tree branches that he had made use of to develop a fire. The leaves floated into his boiling water and, lo, tea was produced.
In India, the discovery is attributed to Bodhidharma, an actual individual who founded the Ch-an College of Buddhism. Inside a.D. 527, instantly after four years of a self-imposed nine-year meditation, Bodhidharma grew sleepy. In an try to remain awake, he began to chew on the twigs of a nearby tree and suddenly discovered himself wide awake; he had discovered tea.
The tea bush is actually a white-flowered evergreen inside the Camellia loved ones. Chinese documents record it as indigenous towards the Hunan province in southwest China. In contemporary occasions, it is regularly accepted that the original tea bush grew in India and was brought to China. It thrives inside a rocky terrain. In approximately A.D. 350, tea cultivation was also reported from the Szechwan province along the Yangtze River.
By means of the T’ang Dynasty inside the eighth century, tea drinking achieved the status of an art kind. Tea merchants hired a man named Lu Yu to compile the really initial written record of Chinese tea ceremonies. Entitled Ch’a Ching (The Class of Tea), the three-volume perform revolutionized the tea market. The second volume contains an exhaustive list with the equipment essential to brew tea appropriately; all-told, 24 items are listed.
From the 12th century, monks from the Zen sect of Buddhists brought the tea-brewing process dwelling to Japan from their travels in China. Yeisei, a Buddhist abbot, is credited with writing Japan’s 1st tea book: Kitcha-Yojoki (Book of Tea Sanitation). Because then, Zen Buddhism and tea have grown inseparable.
Several Europeans mentioned bringing tea back home from their visits towards the Orient. One of them was Giambattista Ramusio, an editor of travel books plus a diplomatic representative from the Venetian government. Gaspar da Cruz, a Portuguese Jesuit priest and missionary, also brought tea when he returned. In 1520, Ferdinand Magellan discovered the straits that now bear his name around the southern tip of South America and opened the door to a what would turn out to be a well-traveled westward trade route amongst Europe and also the Orient.
Holland was the initial to record the obtain of tea in 1607. The tea was initial sold at apothecary shops, then in shops precisely exactly where spices and sugar had been sold. By the 18th century, shops devoted entirely towards the sale of tea and coffee had opened. The very first tea sold towards the English public occurred in 1657 at a coffee property named Exchange Alley. When King Charles HI married the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza in 1661, her dowry included tea. Fifty-five years later, on October 12, 1712, Thomas Twining opened England’s initially tea shop.
England’s East India Firm grew prosperous from its opium trade to China and despite the truth that the English addiction to tea was not as detrimental because the Chinese addiction to opium, the firm also profited by the sale of tea it brought back in exchange. The English government ignored the questionable nature from the company’s organization in order that it could levy a high import tax on tea. In spite of the tariff, or possibly consequently of it, a terrific deal of tea was smuggled into the country. The tea tax also figured prominently inside the American Revolution, as witnessed by the infamous Boston Tea Celebration when rebellious colonists pitched a shipment of East India Enterprise tea into the harbor
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